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main page| The architecture of the social territorial processes

The architecture of the social territorial processes

Author
Vladimir Korbashov
Head of project workshop «Artpot»
+7(916)746-2803
1@artpot.ru
Abstract

This paper presents the main provisions of new approaches to problems of development of territorial entities.

This work is the result of a systematic analysis of the social environment in the projects of area of residential development and experience in the pursuit of social scripts by social engineering techniques.

The architecture of the social territorial processes

The direction of urban design and research is a collection methods of the organization of urban systems, psychology and the applied social Sciences that focus on targeted change in human behavior (Social engineering). Solved the problem of spatial organization to create an environment of social processes with predetermined properties.

Social territorial process

Social territorial processes (STP) is a chain of inextricably related and interdependent phenomena and events in the social and physical space. It is the functioning of the social system in the outline of organized space.

Social territorial processes are all the various forms of interaction of citizens in the outline of organized urban space. For example, the behavior of people in a permeable residential neighborhoods – this scenario is "anonymous relationships in a foreign and dangerous territory." The same people behave differently in space, which subjectively assess their personal – characterized by the manifestation of the increased level of social responsibility, personal involvement in what is happening.

Social territorial processes are those changes in the physical space of the city, the causes of which are in the social space. For example, often occur spontaneously established by citizens barriers to transit through the courts, the spatial development common areas by the forces of informal communities.

This expressive examples of the phenomena, the manifestation of which is in physical and social space are inextricably linked.

Fundamental judgments, terms and definitions
The source of the human mind

The source of the human mind is the society (humanity). Conclusion based on the psychological study of human children are grown and reared animals.

(D. Aterley).
Human capital

Intensive productive factor of development of economy, society and the family, including the educated part of the workforce, knowledge, tools of intellectual and managerial labour, the environment and employment ensuring effective and efficient functioning of human capital as a productive factor of the development.

Human capital is intelligence, health, knowledge, quality and productive work and quality of life of people.
The city

Complex social-spatial-domain formation.

The generator of the meanings that motivate people to action.

Habitat forming space of perceived possibilities.

The social script (SS)

The performance of the individual one of his typical roles in the performance of the current life situation. It is the interaction of the individual with other people and society as a whole.

For the SS characteristic:
  • Normative (repeated each time with slight changes) and situational (role depends on the situation and environment) behaviour in communication with another person or group of persons. With a partner, a stranger, with friends or enemies, parents, children.
  • Subjective assessment by an individual of a place determines the choice of the most suitable roles from your Arsenal. For example, the place "is my place" or "this is a dangerous place" when interacting with a stranger will lead to different behavior.
  • The role of social scripts, as a rule, slightly differ in different individuals, memorized in childhood, and are used unconsciously.
Giving the place certain characteristics, we provoke people to choose a certain role to interact with others.
Habitat Habitat provides people with all necessary for its existence as a species. Consists of:
  • The surrounding physical environment;
  • Social environment.
The social component of the environment determines the quality of the intellectual properties of an individual and it is the most important factor.
Urban planning system Relatively isolated, functionally associated region organized human spatial environment in which is implemented a set of key social activity of the population, due to the achieved level of development of society.
Subjects of urban life
  • Органы исполнительной власти;
  • Organized and natural centers of power;
  • Local business (local brands);
  • Media;
  • Educational institution;
  • Community organizations;
  • Urban activists;
  • Formal and informal community.
Effective elite The carriers of core competencies. Leaders and authority figures, leading to a significant number of people.
Individual development of man

This process of simplification needs.

Is:
  • The development of mental processes (cognitive, emotional, volitional);
  • The development of different types of activities (activity);
  • The formation of personal qualities.

Development is a self-movement of the object — immanent process, which concluded in the growing object.

Human development is influenced by:
  • External influences and factors:
    • The surrounding natural and social environment (habitat);
    • Special targeted activities to ensure that children have certain personal qualities;
  • The internal forces which are peculiar to man, as every living and growing organism (biological, hereditary factors).

Development is accompanied by the actualization of the new levels of requirements.

A sign of a progressive human development – improving the quality of life based on the growth of productivity of social labor.
Social engineering

The complex of approaches of applied social Sciences, which focus on purposeful change of organizational structures that determine human behavior and control it.

A social engineering approach to management produces the third factor, which resolved the contradiction of relations of subject and object control. The object of social engineering ceases to be only a means of implementing social programs designed by experts, and itself becomes the subject.

Formed Trinitarian approach management — co-management — government. Socio-engineering approach turns management into an interactive process, and the goal of social engineers is to create conditions for the disclosure of internal capacity of the social system.

Social synergetics The science that studies the General regularities of social self-organization and interrelations of social order and social chaos.
Social reality Space-time structure, representing the link between social positions at a particular point in time.
Social space It's not a physical space, but it seeks to be realized in it. The resulting social ties and relationships.

Systematic the intersection of relations between social positions that possess a power impact on the people occupying this social position. (P. Sorokin).

An abstract space constituted by the ensemble of social fields that owe their structure to the uneven distribution of certain types of social capital. (Pierre Bourdieu).

The chain of events in a particular time (Peter, Sztompka).

The subsystem of social action
  • A biological organism (an individual psychological state of the person, including the instincts and biological needs that affect human behavior);
  • The system of the personality ("Ego"): the motivational structure of the individual; the body and identity together constitute the "basic structure" and represent a set of individual needs and dispositions (aldosterone as satisfaction);
  • Social system — a set of behavior patterns, social norms, social interaction (interaction) and social role (integration);
  • The system of culture — cultural values and traditions, necessary for stable functioning of the companies.
The horizontal network organizational structure Form of equal cooperation of constituent entities of life in the city (municipal authorities, municipal enterprises, centers of power, formal and informal community), a coordinated system which ensures the implementation of unified strategy.

As a network integrator can act as representative body of self-government.

In such structures, there is no hierarchy. The functioning is based on the principles of equal cooperation, replacing the regulatory function.
Feature approaches to the design of a new territorial unit (urban system, environment)

The design of the new territorial entities in the context of the architecture of the social territorial processes – the design of social formations and sustainable scenarios on the Foundation of the projected three-dimensional solution.

The purpose of the design

The formation of environment, which will lead to endogenous growth of human capital as the main factor intensive development.

The importance of new approaches to design

In the new territorial entities formed the new social education and sustainable scenarios for one simple reason – outline of the new organized space filled with people who interact with each other.

If you do not consciously design the newly formed social systems and scenarios – they appear, but spontaneously. In this case, unacceptably high risk of harmful and non-constructive tumors.

For example, in the areas that citizens subjectively assessed as foreign and dangerous, people act aloof and indifferent, are installed sparse anonymous relationship. The townspeople practically get nothing from the social environment, and it's the main source of domestic energy and incentives for action and development.

As a result - stagnation, social apathy, inertia, degradation of entrepreneurial skills, lack of people individual active positions, including civilian positions.

In the situation of a loose, sparse social interactions establishes a social vacuum, it is practically impossible the development of social processes. Physically it is impossible to build civil society, because the society is absent – has alienated individuals.

The source of all these large-scale troubles are such seemingly small things like the background of everyday street interactions in the outline of volume-spatial solutions.

The meaning of the development of urban systems

A comparison of countries as quite separate closed-loop systems using measurable criteria and the analysis of the obvious situation of these countries in the competition can serve as an objective and reasonable assessment of the various meanings inherent in the development programme.

Our analysis of international experience shows that absolute advantage in the development of giving programs, the meaning of which is human capital development.

Territorial unit in which the quantity and quality of human capital exceeds the critical mass is an environment reproducing of themselves and their environment new sources of revenue. Steadily developing itself in all forms – including in the space and the competence of their carriers.

Understanding and selecting human capital as the main factor in the development of literally dictates a systematic and comprehensive approach in developing the concept or development strategy and linking them to all other private policies and programmes. The dictates of this from the nature of human capital as a factor of multidimensional development. Moreover, this dictates emphasizes the conditions of life, work and the quality of instrumentation specialists, determine the creativity and productive energies of the country.

The core of the human capital, of course, was and remains man, but now people are educated, creative and enterprising with a high level of professionalism.

He himself defines human capital in modern economy the main share of the national wealth of countries, regions, municipalities and organizations.

Formula development of urban system

The true (endogenous) development is a self-movement of the object — internal process, which concluded in the growing object.

The statement is true in relation to individual individual, social group or territorial entity.

It is necessary and sufficient to form such conditions of habitat, which will lead to an endogenous increase in human capital as the main factor intensive development.

From the point of view of sociology is inexhaustible source of energy development are the people.

the Scheme effective formula development

Includes necessary and sufficient:

  • Bringing a critical mass of people in resource condition where they have enough activities for the amount of internal energy;
  • The actualization of the higher levels of needs that causes people to act;
  • The creation of a useful and constructive space perceived opportunities;
  • The introduction of social scripts that ensure the acquisition of necessary skills (group decisions and actions, entrepreneurial ability, etc.);
  • The availability of acquiring new knowledge and competences;
  • Legislative, organisational and resource provision of the processes of development.

Arsenal

Empirically the dependence of the behavior and actions of citizens from the structure of the urban space. Spatial education set outline social scenarios.

Urban fabric is a mixture of social and spatial systems which are in close connection.

Full life of a city is the interaction and conflict of multiple actors of urban life. Active medium, which reproduces incentives to collective and individual action. Pull the citizens from the inert state to the active position.

Empirically was established the causal relationships that allow the planning decisions shaping social scenarios and models of street interactions of citizens. In conjunction with the use of methods of psychology and applied sociology we shape the environment as an effective instrument for the endogenous development of human capital.

habitat as a tool for human capital development. Basic cause-and-effect relationship

Purposeful planning decisions of urban space.

The trigger events.
Establishing scenarios of street interactions, based on private-property relation of citizens to the territory.

Increased level of passive safety.

Multiply the number of active subjects of urban life through local (neighboring) communities.
Multiply the number of active subjects of urban life. Identifying and developing leaders.

The acquisition of skills in collective problem solving, collective action.

The development of entrepreneurial skills.

The development of private educational projects, the implementation of a mass request for the acquisition of new competencies.

The development of an effective elite.

Multiply the number of active subjects of urban life.

Design and development of means to ensure the functioning of the valid information field.

The development of horizontal ties between subjects of urban life.

Reducing the opportunities for corruption schemes.

Horizontal and networked organizational structures.

Effective representative body of government.

The active position of new subjects of urban life, new leaders.

Information environment supporting the interaction of citizens.

New meanings of individual and collective action.

The expansion of space of their own perceived capabilities.
Educational and inspirational environment.
Educational and inspirational environment.

New meanings for action and self-development.

Bringing a critical mass of citizens in resource condition where they have enough activities for the amount of internal energy.
Individual self-development of citizens.

New leaders and authorities. The development of an effective elite.

New projects, new production.
Educational and inspirational environment.

Updating the citizens of the new levels of requirements.

The actions of citizens, aimed at acquiring new knowledge and skills.
The development of human capital.
The development of human capital.

Informational support.

Reduction of investment risks.

The potential for the emergence of new innovative enterprises.

Active search of opportunities to realize themselves new members of the efficient elite.
The emergence and development of new enterprises.

The increasing request for skilled personnel.

Endogenous development of the territorial formation.

Obvious effect of planning decisions on social scripts

Comparative characteristics of two sections of low-rise buildings. From the point of view of street observer, the two are identical in essence the street.

Examples of planning decisions of urban space, forming a private-property relationship of citizens to the territory of the

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Practical application of the methods of the architecture of social territorial processes

Composition of the development program of the city as a habitat
Composition of scenarios and development programs for undeveloped territories

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